Frequently Asked Questions
1. When will automated vehicles be on sale?
Driver assists and partial driving automation, or Levels 1 and 2, are on sale today, including lane centering, adaptive cruise control, highway assist, park assist, and traffic jam assist. Some manufacturers are close to introducing Level 3 highly automated vehicles (HAVs) that can operate the vehicle in dense freeway traffic, allowing the driver to act more like a passenger and safely watch movies, write emails or read. Many automakers have announced plans to market Level 4 and 5 vehicles on the road within several years.
2. Many related issues are not resolved yet. How will concerns about liability and ethics be handled? Will driver’s licenses still be needed in the future?
Many policy questions will need to be addressed as higher level automated vehicles are sold to the public or are otherwise introduced into commercial use.
3. What are automakers doing about cybersecurity?
Automakers have anticipated and prepared for an increasingly interconnected future. Auto engineers are incorporating security solutions into vehicles from the first stages of design and production, and their security testing never stops. To stay ahead of cyber threats, automakers established an Information Sharing and Analysis Center. And, automakers have long engaged with third-party security technologists, non-profit organizations, universities and the government to share solutions, seek fresh approaches and monitor new developments.
4. What are automakers doing to protect privacy?
5. What can government do to support automated driving systems?
Automated vehicles promise to transform mobility as we know it. So automakers want to move as quickly as possible to safely test and deploy automated vehicles. The Alliance supports policy initiatives that facilitate automaker innovation and remove obstacles to the safe testing and deployment of highly automated vehicles and streamline legislative and regulatory activity to support the global manufacturing process.
The Alliance agrees with NHTSA’s assessment of the roles of federal and state authorities. As described in NHTSA’s 2016 Federal Automated Vehicle Policy, the oversight of system safety design, performance and certification is most appropriately carried out at the federal level, while states should continue their traditional role of handling vehicle registration, licensing and insurance issues. The Alliance recommends that states wishing to act in this area first consider whether existing law or regulations pose unreasonable impediments to the testing or deployment of automated vehicles and then seek to remove such impediments. Maintaining consistency across state and municipal lines is also a priority.